HOW PHEROMONES WORK
FACT: "Women rank 'smell and that sense of physical chemistry' higher than ANY other factor when they are deciding if you're the one" - Men's Health and Cosmo 2011.
You need a precisely balanced and amplified blend of the correct pheromones to maximize the possibility of chemistry. Not just any pheromone formula will do if you want to get her and keep her. With MAFIA LABS' premium pheromones and advanced optimization, you will experience:
- Increased Frequency of Dates and Second Dates
- Increased Frequency of Affectionate Gestures and Flirting
- Increased Frequency of Eye Contact
- Increased Frequency of Foreplay and More...
An article on WebMD cited a study which documented the sexual activity of men while wearing what we believe to be "generic" pheromones. You can expect even better results with the PHEROMONE MAFIA:
So what is the chemistry behind the MAFIA LABS' formulas?
Most human pheromones fall into a group of chemicals known as 16-androstenes. Using advanced organic chemistry techniques, our team of chemists were able to reverse engineer and then synthesize nine human sexual pheromone compounds. During the synthesis process, oxygen atoms are bound to the 3rd carbon in the pheromone compound's A-ring to form ketos: alcohol, acetate or sulfate functional groups. We discovered that compounds with 3-OH groups tend to have a stronger effect upon the regulation of currents within the female hypothalamus.
Pheromone compounds with an ionic functional group at the 3rd carbon have superior performance compared to those lacking the ions. Our scientific opinion is that these ionic groups have greater water solubility allowing them to target receptor sites within the olfactory bulb and to a greater extent, the accessory olfactory system.
In addition to our extensive research, the following scientific studies are just a few that have contributed to our understanding of the effect that certain pheromones have on women:
- In 2001, researchers at the University of Chicago found that airborne pheromones have a measurable impact on brain metabolism. Using PET scan equipment, they took three-dimensional scans of the brains of women who had been exposed to the male steroid, androstadienone, a chemical derivative of testosterone. The brain scans showed increased activity in brain regions associated with smell, as well as areas associated with vision, attention, and emotion.
- Also in 2001, Swedish researchers in Stockholm used brain scan technology to demonstrate that male pheromones stimulate the ventromedial hypothalamus in women, but not in men. This part of the brain is known to be associated with mating behavior in primates.
- In 2003, scientists at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia showed that women who are exposed to pheromones extracted from male underarm sweat experience reduced tension and increased relaxation, and demonstrate increased sexual responsiveness.
- In 2004, scientists at the University of California at Berkeley discovered that women who were exposed to the male pheromone, androstadienone, experience increased sexual arousal and an improvement in their overall mood.
- In 2007, a different team of scientists at the University of California at Berkeley demonstrated that women who smelled androstadienone experienced a higher skin temperature and a significant rise in cortisol levels. Their blood pressure, heart rate and breathing also increased, indicating a heightened sense of alertness or arousal.
- In 2008, scientists at Rice University in Houston, Texas used magnetic resonance imaging to show that key regions of the female brain – the right orbitofrontal cortex, the right fusiform cortex, and the right hypothalamus – respond to airborne natural human sexual sweat. The sexual information conveyed in the male sweat elicited an immediate physiological response in all the heterosexual women tested.
There's no lack of evidence proving that male pheromones trigger a sexual response in women.
To be complete, we have provided you with a small sampling of additional studies that demonstrate the role of pheromones in human sexual behavior, mating, and attraction:
1. The Scent of Symmetry: A Human Sex Pheromone that Signals Fitness– Randy Thornhilla , Steven W Gangestadb
Quote: "In both sexes, facial attractiveness (as judged from photos) appears to predict body scent attractiveness to the opposite sex. Women's preference for the scent associated with men's facial attractiveness is greatest when their fertility is highest across the menstrual cycle. The results overall suggest that women have an evolved preference for sires with good genes."
2. Sex and the Nose: Human Pheromonal Responses – Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2007 100:268-274
Quote: "Species also release chemical signals into the environment to communicate their presence and to evoke behavioral responses in other members of their species – usually concerned with mating responses. The term 'pheromone' was first coined in the 1950s for a substance secreted by an animal that causes a specific reaction in another animal. The actions and mechanisms of pheromones have been widely studied in animals and with recent advances in molecular and cell biology the scope and importance of olfactory communication is only just being realized. Pheromone communication is known to exist in almost all social animals."
3. Evidence that androstadienone, a putative human chemosignal, modulates women's attributions of men's attractiveness – Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2005 Feb 1;118(2):135-42.
Quote: "Men were rated more attractive when assessed by women who had been exposed to androstadienone, an effect that was seen in two out of three studies. The results suggest that androstadienone can influence women's attraction to men, and also that research into the modulatory effects of androstadienone should be made within ecologically valid contexts."
4. Human pheromones and sexual attraction – Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2001 Oct;22(5):309-21.
Quote: "Several studies indicate that humans indeed seem to use olfactory communication and are even able to produce and perceive certain pheromones; recent studies have found that pheromones may play an important role in the behavioral and reproduction biology of humans. In this article we review the present evidence of the effect of human pheromones and discuss the role of olfactory cues in human sexual behavior."
5. Olfaction in Humans with Special Reference to Odorous 16-Androstenes: Their Occurrence, Perception and Possible Social, Psychological and Sexual Impact – Journal of Endocrinology 1993 137:167-187
Quote: An earlier experiment than this (Kirk-Smith & Booth, 1980) had indicated that the odour of androstenone had important effects on choice of seating by men and women in the presence of other people. In this study, a chair in a waiting room of the Birmingham University Dental Health Centre was sprayed with 3-2, 16 or 32 pg 5a-androstenone at different times. On a day when the position of the sprayed chair was to be changed, it was washed with detergent and exchanged with a distant unodorized chair. A total of 840 people were observed, and a rota of receptionists (who were unaware of the true purpose of the experiment) noted the position and sex of the patients on a blank seating plan. Observations were taken at 30-min intervals during 4 days at each of the three levels of 5a-androstenone sprayed. The results indicated that significantly more women used the odorized seat when it bore 3-2 or 32 pg of steroid, with fewer men using it at the 32 pg level. The authors suggested that the women might have been attracted to the low concentrations used at probably a subliminal level because of the experience of its association with men.
6. The scent of a woman – Horm Behav. 2008 Nov;54(5):597-601. Epub 2008 Jun 14.
Quote: "Recent work has demonstrated that exposure to nonodorous testosterone and estrogen derivatives can activate specific human brain regions and induce sexual effects. These effects seem to be sex-specific: Testosterone derivatives affect women, and estrogen derivatives affect men."
7. Male Axillary Extracts Contain Pheromones that Affect Pulsatile Secretion of Luteinizing Hormone and Mood in Women Recipients – Biology of Reproduction June 1, 2003 vol. 68 no. 6 2107-2113
Quote: "Human underarm secretions, when applied to women recipients, alter the length and timing of the menstrual cycle. These effects are thought to arise from exposure to primer pheromones that are produced in the underarm. Pheromones can affect endocrine (primer) or behavioral (releaser) responses, provide information (signaler), or perhaps even modify emotion or mood (modulator). In this study, we extracted underarm secretions from pads worn by men and placed the extract under the nose of women volunteers while monitoring serum LH and emotion/mood. Pulses of LH are excellent indicators of the release of GnRH from the brain's hypothalamus. In women, the positive influence of GnRH on LH affects the length and timing of the menstrual cycle, which, in turn, affects fertility. Here we show that extracts of male axillary secretions have a direct effect upon LH-pulsing and mood of women. In our subjects, the putative male pheromone(s) advanced the onset of the next peak of LH after its application, reduced tension, and increased relaxation. These results demonstrate that male axillary secretions contain one or more constituents that act as primer and modulator pheromones."
8. Encoding Human Sexual Chemosensory Cues in the Orbitofrontal and Fusiform Cortices – Journal of Neuroscience, 2008, 28:11416
Quote: "Here, we use functional magnetic resonance imaging to show that the right orbitofrontal cortex, right fusiform cortex, and right hypothalamus respond to airborne natural human sexual sweat, indicating that this particular chemosensory compound is encoded holistically in the brain. Our findings provide neural evidence that socioemotional meanings, including the sexual ones, are conveyed in the human sweat."
9. Smelling a Single Component of Male Sweat Alters Levels of Cortisol in Women – Journal of Neuroscience, February 2007 27(6):1261-1265
Quote: "We found that merely smelling androstadienone maintained significantly higher levels of the hormone cortisol in women. These results suggest that, like rodents, humans can influence the hormonal balance of conspecifics through chemosignals. Critically, this study identified a single component of sweat, androstadienone, as capable of exerting such influence."
10. Sniffing human sex-steroid derived compounds modulates mood, memory and autonomic nervous system function in specific behavioral contexts – Behavioral Brain Research, June 2004 152(1):11-22
Quote: "These results suggest that sex-steroidal compounds modulate mood, memory and autonomic nervous system responses and increase their significance within specific behavioral contexts. These findings lend support to a specific role for these compounds in chemical communication between humans."
11. Psychological State and Mood Effects of Steroidal Chemosignals in Women and Men – Hormonal Behavior, 2000 Feb: 37(1):57-78
Quote: "We tested the hypothesis that isolated steroids, claimed to act like pheromones, affect human psychological state or mood. In the first experiment, we established that two steroids, Delta4, 16-androstadien-3-one and 1,3,5(10)16-estratetraen-3-ol, modulated emotional states within 6 min of exposure. In men and women, neither steroid had specific effects on states of alertness or negative-confused mood. However, both steroids increased positive stimulated mood state in women but decreased it in men. In a second experiment on women, we replicated that Delta4,16-androstadien-3-one modulated their general mood state, even when women were not aware of its odor and gave identical olfactory descriptions for the steroid and the control carrier solutions. In this within-subjects, repeated-measures experiment, androstadienone prevented the deterioration in general mood which occurred during exposure to the clove oil carrier solution in the laboratory environment. Thus, androstadienone appears to modulate affect, rather than releasing stereotyped behaviors or emotions.
12. Human Olfactory Communication of Emotion – Perception and Motor Skills, 2000, 91:771-781
Quote: "Nonhuman animals communicate their emotional states through changes in body odor. The study reported here suggests that this may be the same for humans. We collected underarm odors on gauze pads from 25 young women and men on two different occasions. On one occasion the donors mere induced to feel happy by viewing an excerpt from a funny movie whereas on the other, separated by a day, they were induced to feel afraid by watching an excerpt from a frightening movie. One week later, 40 women and 37 men were asked to smell several different bottles, some of which contained underarm odor pads collected during the happy movie, some contained underarm odor pads collected during the frightening movie, whereas others contained unused pads (control odor). Each odor was identified on two separate tasks that involved identifying the odor from among three odors and identifying it again from among six odors. Data were the number of women and men who identified an odor correctly on both tasks. When asked to select which bottles contained "the odor of people when they are happy," women chose the correct bottles for both tasks significantly more often than chance. Men chose the bottle which contained the body odors collected when women (but not men) viewed the happy movie more often than would be expected by chance. When asked to select which bottles contained "the odor of people when they are afraid," women and men both chose the bottle that contained the body odors collected when men (but not women) viewed the frightening movie more often than would be expected by chance. The finding suggests that there is information in human body odors indicative of emotional state. This finding introduces new complexity in how humans perceive and interact."